1. punctuality [pʌŋktʃʊ'ælətɪ]
Punctuality is the soul of business.
We have learnt to expect that trains will be punctual.
2. rural ['ruərəl]
rural adj. connected with or like the countryside 农村的
rural areas / accents农村地区、口音
Only in a sparsely-populated rural community is it possible to disregard it.
3. intellectual [ɪntə'lektʃuəl]
n. 知识分子；adj. 智力的
4. reproach [ri'prəutʃ]
reproach v. criticize sb. or oneself, esp. for failing to do sth. 责备
reproach sb. for sth.
The General was reproached by his allies for failing to inform them of his plans. I have nothing to reproach myself for.
But people are often reproached for unpunctuality when their only fault is cutting things fine.
同义短语：criticize sb. for sth.=censure sb. for sth.=reprimand / rebuke sb. for sth. =accuse sb. of sth.=
scold sb. for sth. =blame sb. for sth. =blame sth. on sb. =condemn A for / as B
5. fraction ['frækʃn]
a fraction of … ……的一小部分
I bought these shoes at a fraction of its original price.
a fraction of a second / a minute / an inch … 不到一秒钟 / 一分钟 / 一英寸
She hesitated for a fraction of a second before answering.
The car stopped within a fraction of an inch of the wall.
If you are catching a train, it is always better to be comfortably early than even a fraction of a minute too late.
a high / large proportion of …=a high / large percentage of ... 大概率
a small / tiny proportion of …=a small / tiny percentage of ...小概率